Cognitive Behavioural analysis is usually an aspect of any therapy. However CBT focuses its attention on how the way you think leads to specific feelings and then behaviours. It suggests that it is not the situation but one’s thoughts about it that are the problem. CBT suggests you can interrupt unhelpful patterns by interrupting the process at any point: thoughts, feelings, behaviours, but most particularly by changing unhelpful beliefs. CBT also examines faulty and repetitive thinking patterns such as black and white thinking, catastrophizing, all or nothing, which can lead to intense feeling states and make it difficult to make good choices. The aim of CBT is identifying key unhelpful or distressing thoughts and beliefs (perceptions) and their impact on your feelings and learning to interrupt and challenge them in order to change your feelings and resultant non adaptive behaviours and coping strategies. The emphasis is on problem solving and making changes in your thinking and actions, making even small changes in how you think and what you do.
It has to be said, that any therapy has an expectation that you do this and that insight will lead to changes in feelings and behaviours.
However, the latest scientific research suggests it is not possible to ascertain which comes first: thoughts or feelings, although there is no doubt that they are interconnected. Changing the way you feel can enable your thinking to change, changing the way you think can enable your feelings to change. However, you have set up this way of thinking and behaving to help you in some way. Particularly in the case of trauma, if you have symptoms and not memories, it can be harder to change thoughts, feelings and behaviours because of their important adaptive and survival value, and this can require more work on learning to address bodily symptoms and coping strategies.